Oedipus Complex - TV Tropes
In the Iliad there is a single, glancing reference to Oedipus in Book 23, which only This leads me to the second difference between Homer and Sophocles that I wish to . Timewatch: Explore The Pharaoh's Lost City: Meet King Amenhotep IV . First meeting: Oedipus has already made his dramatic debut, full of sympathy but also hubris: surmising, "Creon my loyal friend so hungry to overthrow me he sets this wizard on me " A few . his accusation on evidence (it was Creon who brought the message .. Oedipus is furious and accuses him of being a fake. Everything you ever wanted to know about the quotes talking about Fate and Free Will in See more famous quotes from literature OEDIPUS Since come it must, thy duty is to tell me. TEIRESIAS I have no more to say; storm as thou willst.
He makes assumptions without any evidence which is another character flaw of Oedipus'. Perhaps, however, his most important character flaw is his excessive pride. Sophocles seems to imply that all these flaws work together, alongside fate, to bring about Oedipus' downfall. The Chorus seems terrified and helpless in this 3. Like Oedipus, the Chorus cannot believe in my heart.
They are confronted with two options accepting the word of the Prophet or staying loyal to their King. There decision to side with Oedipus strikes me as being odd since that would mean that the Chorus has more faith in Oedipus than the prophet of the Gods. The line is expressing that even though there might be doubt, the Chorus believe their king with all of their heart. Even though at the moment there is nothing proving that Oedipus is guilty other then the prophet's word, there is also nothing proving that he is innocent either.
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Oedipus believes himself to be above the gods. This can be seen, for example, when he belittles them saying "Not a word, you and your birds, your gods — nothing. It seemed to me as though the Greek's feared the Gods up until now where Oedipus degrades and challenges them.
This is very daring especially since they believed that all power was in the hands of the Gods. Foreshadowing - A lot of what Tiresias says foreshadows Oedipus' tragic fate. He talks mystically and in riddles when he says "This day will bring your birth and your destruction.
He ends his speech addressed to Oedipus strongly with these two lines: Creon Oxymoron - Sophocles incorporates an oxymoron in Tiresias' lines when he says "Your great fortune, true, it was your ruin.
His biggest tool is the knowledge that the audience already has about Oedipus. They know that he killed his father and married his mother but Oedipus doesn't This is important so that the audience feels connected with the play.
If they felt no emotional connection then the play would not be tragic. This behavior is not practical and could easily have caused misconviction of the murder multiple times already.
Instead of taking things calmly he acts irrational which goes against the characteristics of a strong leader. He obviously isn't at fault because he isn't acting defenseless. He doesn't seem worried at all as he calmly says, "Time alone can bring the just man to light — the criminal you can spot in one short day.
Creon defends himself with logic which suggests a strong personality on his behalf. He sounds convincing as he gives many rational reasons as to why he is not the killer.
We see that unlike Oedipus, Creon thinks sensibly when he could otherwise act out of rage. Oedipus Character Flaws vs. Creon Character Qualities Oedipus acts irrationally threatening to kill Creon on a thought that he has absolutely no proof. He is portrayed as a dictator and this is especially clear, for example, when he says "No matter — I must rule" pg ; line He believes that he must rule even if he rules unjustly.
This makes us lose sympathy for him as we see his selfish and power hungry side. His pride and anger has blinded his judgment ability as he now considers everything a threat to him. Creon in this section has outshined Oedipus showing traits of a secretive, professional politician. We see that Creon and Oedipus are very much different in character. While Oedipus is keen on finding the truth Creon is happy to dissemble.
It can be argued that Creon is more fitting for a leader than Oedipus is. This goes in correspondence with the events that later takes place in the play as we find that Creon does in fact take over Oedipus' position as King. The mother-wife Jocasta 1. Here we see that indeed the 'apple did not fall far from the tree'. Jocasta just like Oedipus' makes decisions based on no evidence whatsoever.
However, even though they are much alike, they do differ in the sense that Jocasta is skeptic while Oedipus is insistent on finding the truth.
Oedipus logically and earnestly pursues the 2. His search becomes more productive 50 as he starts to calm down. He begins to pick up on important details that might help him with his investigation.
A crossroads is a universal symbol known for the moment where decisions and choices are made. Linking this with the play, the crossroads symbolizes the crucial moment when Oedipus began to fulfill the dreadful prophecy. However, Oedipus was not aware at the time that he was making a fateful decision.
If life really is controlled by fate then should Oedipus be held responsible for his choice if it was already predetermined? Perhaps Sophocles is trying to say that all the seemingly free choices we make in life are really already chosen for us by a higher power. A lot of negative imagery is created Chorus pg ; lines which reflects the disgust that the Chorus is feeling towards their King. Sophocles uses an "overripe" fruit as a metaphor for Oedipus' excessive pride.
This highlights that Oedipus was greedy to the extent that he was never satisfied with what he had. No matter how high he reached in status and power, he always wanted more. The Chorus questions "Can such a man, so desperate, still boast he can save his life from the flashing bolts of god? The last hope extinguished 1. What should a man fear? Not a man on earth can see a day ahead, groping through the dark. Better to live at random, best we can.
And as for this marriage with your mother—have no fear. It is clear that Jocasta does not fully believe in what she says. This is because if she really believed that oracles are nonsense she would not have abandoned her own son, Oedipus, in the mountains in attempt to avoid it.
Hence, she is portrayed as being hypocritical since she believes in oracles only when it suits her. Her intent is to give advice to Oedipus on how to get along in this world. We see Jocasta's supportive nature in that she gives both advice and comfort to Oedipus when he most needs it. This is a role that woman, even in our modern world, often fall into because of their nurturing nature.
Jocasta seems to be extremely mother-like in her lines and especially when she says "No, please — for your sake- I want the best for you! She speaks like any mother wanting the best for her son. But in fact what she wants is against what is the best for him. It can be argued that Jocasta wants Oedipus to stop searching for the truth to protect herself.
My suffering is enough. This incident left him with a vivid scar for the rest of his life. He was named after this injury since his name Oedipus literally means "swollen feet" in Greek. This symbolizes the way in which fate has marked and distinguished him. It also symbolizes the irony of Oedipus and Jocasta's ignorance towards the truth that surrounded them. Oedipus injured foot FEET was so obvious to the extent that it is impossible that, Oedipus who solved the riddle of Sphinx, could not put two together to figure out the truth of his birth.
His name alone blatantly points attention to his scarred feet, which could have given away his identity. It is also an easy clue to Jocasta who could have tied Oedipus' name with her son. However, both Oedipus and Jocasta chose not to acknowledge the obvious truths and pretend not to see them.
I must know it This line seems to suggest that Jocasta had all, must see the truth at last.
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But Oedipus now says "Listen to you? This may suggest that in the end men had their say over women in the Greek society. However, Sophocles was restrained by the outcome of the argument because if Jocasta was able to convince Oedipus to stop searching for the truth there would not have been a tragedy that unfolds.
The tragedy unfolds Oedipus treats his search to learn about his birth 1. We see that he is willing to lines do anything to find out the truth and that includes resorting to extreme measures of violence. He threatens the Shepherd with torture "Twist his arms out quickly! Perhaps, however, his character was forced to change due to the vindictive circumstances he was put in. Motives behind Jocasta killing herself There were many motives behind Jocasta's suicide. The most obvious motive is incest which directly brings about her suicide.
Other motives are that Jocasta cannot live without an honorable place in society, which is why she married Oedipus to begin with. She was happiest when she married Oedipus but when she found she had married her son, it destroyed her social standing so she had to kill herself. Who can live with themselves after knowing they have slept with their own son? It is not unexpected that Jocasta looks to suicide for an answer because even today people who are extremely unhappy sometimes choose suicide as a way of ending their misery.
Jocasta can be seen as having some heroic qualities because she was dealing with a very difficult and unusual situation. This results in the audience feeling sympathetic towards her.
But had she chosen to live she might have received even more sympathy. However, being the proud person she is, Jocasta preferred death then to live in humiliation forever. When Oedipus discovers the truth he says that O light-now let me look my last on you!
I he can now see and declares that it is revealed by stand revealed at last-cursed in my birth, "the light". It is almost as though he has cursed in marriage, cursed in the lives I surrendered to his pride, to his fate and to the cut down with these hands!
The word "cursed" is repeated to emphasize that he has been cursed by his own doing. He finally admits that he was under the control of the Gods and realizes that the prophecy could not have been escaped. The Shepherd assures Oedipus what he suspected is true and tells him "Believe me, you were born for pain. Oedipus accepts his curse end 1. Too long you looked on the ones you never should have seen, blind to the ones you longed to see, to know!
Blind from this hour on! Blind in the darkness-blind! He brings on himself his own humiliation. Personally, I believe that Oedipus cannot be blamed entirely for what has happened to him because his sins were involuntary. I feel empathetic towards him because of the fact that he wasn't aware of what he was doing and was merely a victim of fate.
He screams in agony these heartfelt lines, defending his decision to humble himself through blindness, furthering Sophocles' sight metaphor.Classics Summarized: Oedipus Rex
Oedipus thinks that the pain will be less now that he cannot see. However, blinding himself caused him even more pain.
He continues to defend his action questioning "What good were eyes to me? Nothing I could see could bring me joy. Oedipus seems to have always been damned and no matter how hard he tried to avoid his fate it eventually came back to haunt him.
The chorus questions Oedipus saying "What superhuman power drove you on? Not only did the Chorus realize this, but so did Oedipus.
This is clear when he says "It's mine alone, my destiny — I am Oedipus! It seems to imply that Oedipus' pride continued right from the beginning to the end of the play.
This is clear when he screams "Well let my destiny come and take me on its way! Perhaps the Gods chose such a horrible fate for Oedipus because they wanted to dent his rather inflated ego.
The Gods had to take action because Oedipus was seen as a threat to them. The people started believing in Kings more than they did in Gods. It seems as though Sophocles wanted to frighten the audience to make them go back to believing in Gods and obeying them. He set Oedipus as an example to those who dare challenge the Gods and fight their fate. How can I ever hope to win his trust? I wronged him so, just now, in every way.
You must see that-I was so wrong, so wrong.
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Oedipus now fears Creon while Creon now belittles Oedipus. Creon's short lines in this section demonstrate how eager he is to exile Oedipus out of the city. Even though, earlier in the play, Creon sounded extremely convincing when he told Oedipus that he had no intention of taking his title as King we see that he actually desires it above all.
The fact that Creon was able to hide his greed so cleverly suggests that he rightly fits the position of the King. It seems to discomfort the till he dies, free of pain at last. An example of a man that others should not follow in his footsteps. The Chorus also seems to deliver the message that no man should be counted happy until he dies because only then would he have escaped his fate. This makes me question whether this is true or not. To the point that he's been going by his father's name since he was seven his real name is Tsubasa and for several years until it was revealed that he was the son of Syaoran he was thought to be his father by most of the fandom, as he looks exactly like him, acts similarly, has identical abilities, etc.
The problem has later been justified or muddled, its hard to tell, by the fact that his father is apparently his cloneand his mother is a clone of his own Sakura. At precisely which point in the either 4-man or 2-man loop which one it is depends on perspective this trope sets in is a matter best left to philosophers on illegal substances with mental disorders. The philosophers have the mental disorders. Touta Konoe from UQ Holder!
He even asked her to marry him while under the effects of a truth potion. Seishiro Sakurazuka of X had an interesting relationship with his mother, Setsuka, who was one disturbed woman. Setsuka implies that her soulmate was her own son. The relationship, however, was one-sided, as Seishiro's soulmate was very obviously and reciprocally Subaru, and she's at least aware of said soulmate's existence.
Oh, and he killed her. One of many interpretations of Neon Genesis Evangelionand interviews with Hideaki Anno suggest that he was actually aiming for thissince Shinji has a love -hate relationship with his father and motherhood is a central theme of the series.
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And most importantly, one of Shinji's love interest Rei turns out to be clone of his mother and her soul or at least part of it is part of his EVA Unit. This is even lampshaded in Shinji's Blooper Reels only rant: And what's an Eva? Is that like, a Freudian thing? Ultron at one point created a sexy fem-bot using Janet Van Dyne's psyche as the template for her robotic intelligence.
As a shout-out to the Trope Namerhe named this fem-bot Jocasta, which is the name of Oedipus' mother. The DCU is full of this although it is strictly subtext. To simplify it somewhat, anyone who's A: This goes double triple? And you thought Ultron was sick.
The Dark Knight Returns Carrie Kelly's parents are neglectful to the point of not even remembering they have a kid, so she latches onto Batman. She makes no bones about loving him before she comes out and says it in the sequel. Again with DC Comics: Each Brother Bloodthe leader of the Church of Bloodhas ascended to his position by killing his father the previous "Brother Blood" and making his mother the new High Priestess.
The Comic Book run of Captain Mar-Vell has said hero destroy the universe at the behest of Entropy and Epiphany, actually Anthropomorphic Personification children of the Anthropomorphic Personification of the universe.
Later he dies and beats up his own dad on the other side. Marvel provide a strange example with Nate Grey X-Manwho has a close—it is never outright stated whether it was platonic or romantic, but the general implication is much more the latter than the former —relationship with the psionic ghost made physical by his vast psychic power of Madelyne Pryor, when he instinctively reached out for his biological mother, Jean Grey from whom Madelyne Pryor was cloned, making Maddie to be Jean's identical twin sister-daughter when he arrived in Marvel reality from the Marvel Age of Apocalypse reality.
Speaking of X-Men a lot of them fall under this trope: If this wasn't enough Wolverine plays the other part of this trope straight as he kills his biological father Thomas Logan albeit unknowingly. Nightcrawler probably thanks to his mother, well being Mystique is often considered a variation of this. Especially since while Mystique treats him poorly at times, Nightcrawler still cares for her Cyclops would seem to avoid this trope, until you notice his mother Kathrine looks near identical to his second main Love Interest Emma Frost.
Played for Laughs in Chris Savino 's comic strip The Complex Adventures of Eddie Pusswhere the young kitten Eddie consonantly tries peeping at his mom and one-upping his dad. For example, Eddie drops his fork during dinner to look up her skirt and in another comic he gets his mom to breastfeed him while his dad sits beside her, angry that she wouldn't fool around with him because of Eddie's presence.
Fan Works This comes up in the Empath: In the normal timeline, after Papa Smurf has his oversexed Hulking Out moment, it is resolved peacefully by Smurfette telling Papa Smurf that she could only love him as a father and nothing more. Misato had a form of this towards her father due to her abandonment issues. Since she couldn't have him, she lusted after her surrogate son, Shinji. In turn, Shinji is attracted to her, although he's more drawn to Asuka.
Film Amusingly mentioned in Analyze This: Oedipus was a Greek king who killed his father and married his mother. Back to the Future has a lot of fun with this, but most obviously comes down on the side of inversion; neither Lorraine or George are aware that "Calvin Klein" is their future son Marty, but Lorraine wants to get very close to Marty much to his horrorand rather than supplanting his father Marty has to do the exact opposite and build him up to make sure that his family fortunes end up okay.
The novelizationon the other hand, actually plays it straight. Marty continually insults his father, calling him a nerd every chance he gets B to the F goes as far as to use the phrase "nerd racist"and hating him for his severe lack of a spine. While he does insult his mom as well, and expresses disbelief at Doc's creepy "She hasn't given birth to you yet, so it's O. Ahhh, the things that change when you script doctor a movie The actual movie could be considered this if you look too deeply into it, as Cracked did.
As Ted gets up, Sig motions to Bill to take the "couch. Just a minor Oedipus Complex, dude. Kritzinger relates a story to Reinhard Heydrich about an old friend of Kritzinger who hated his abusive father but loved his doting mother. To the friend's surprise his mother's death didn't affect him all that much, but his father's death made him cry uncontrollably. The tragedy was that the son's hatred for his father became more important to him than his mother's love, turning him into an empty shell after the man's death.
In Crooked HousePhilip and Roger both harbour a deep resentment towards their father Aristide, and wish to supplant him as head of the family. For his part, Aristide took a great pleasure in keeping his sons solidly under his thumb.
To add to the mix, Philip's son Eustace admits to having the hots for his step-grandmother. Junior, also known as Engine Trouble, featured a bizarre version where the protagonist attempts to seduce the mentally disabled title murderer, by dressing as his mother and then proceeding to grab his crotch to get him to drop his weapon. She then sets him on fire. The driving force of Jupiter Ascending is the conflict between the Abrasax siblings and Jupiter, the genetic recurrence of their mother.
While the Abrasax patriarch is never mentioned or seen, the two Abrasax brothers definitely have an unhealthy interest in their mother. He plans to secure his claim to Earth by marrying Jupiter, and all that implies.
Balem's main goal is to kill Jupiter to retain his claim to Earth. Stephen King once again makes it Squick as possible between the mother and son antagonists. Ray has a distant relationship with his frequently absent father Tom, and a codependent relationship with his mother Susan, which eventually becomes sexual, causing him much mental anguish and confusion.
Norman Bates' mother deliberately isolated her five-year-old son from the outside world and made him utterly dependent on her after Mr. Naturally enough, the twelve-year-old, completely co-dependent Norman then reacts rather badly to her remarriage.
One of the sequels outright shows in flashback that Mrs. Bates was sexually abusing Norman until she remarried. While Lilli never knew her birth mother in Snow White: A Tale of Terrorher initial hatred of her stepmother is sparked by jealousy that someone else was taking her father's attention away. This leads to one interesting scene, where Lilli wears one of her mother's dresses to a party, in the hopes of impressing her father. Anakin Skywalker was very obsessed with his mother.
He marries an older woman who looks like his mother. His mother's death is one of the things that drives him to the Dark Side. He supposedly doesn't have a biological father, but Palpatine is hinted to have used the Force to create him and acts as a father figure. Obi Wan is also a father figure to Anakin. He kills both of them. Ironically, being a father himself had helped him turn away from the Dark Side.
Despite his contempt for and murder of his father, Kylo ultimately can't bring himself to do the same to his mother. He also fixates on Rey, who bears a strong resemblance to his mother, and kills his other father figure, Snoke, to save her life. India, the protagonist of Stoker is implied to have a bit of an Electra complex. She was very close to her fatherbut has a strained relationship with her mother though she does love her. She later becomes infatuated with her uncle, whom she notes looks a lot like her father.
As India's relationship with her uncle deepens, her relationship with her mother only gets worse The Terminator and its sequels is chock-full of this. It's even lampshaded in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machineswhen Kate Claire Danes shoots one of the machines.
John admiringly says "You remind me of my mother. Loki genuinely loves his mother Frigga, and overthrows his father Odin—whom he now loathes after being disowned and nearly executed—usurping the Asgardian throne in the process.
As in the sequel we learns his father Ego killed his mother Meredith by putting a tumor in her brain Julia Stiles' character has an Electra Complex that proves deadly to anyone who shows more than a passing interest in her father. The World Is Not Enough: Elektra King hated her father and arranged to have him murdered, but she clearly adores her mother, and Elektra's actions are partially fueled by her love for her mother's side of the family, as she claims that she is taking back the kingdom that her father stole from her mother.
The Electra Complex plays into her relationship with Renard, even though he's not much older—watch the positively girlish way that she runs to the window to see him arriving, flings herself into his arms when he enters, then leads him off to present the captive M to him as a gift. M herself is somewhat of a maternal figure towards Elektra because M was a close friend of Elektra's father, and Elektra wants M dead for leaving her at the mercy of her kidnappers.
Once upon a time three guys were cloned, two died and became virtually undead, sharing the third body. Deciding to a claim their mutual girlfriend for himself, and b make sure that the two extra guys got bodies of their own, Edward takes over the body and arranges for Mendoza to bear twin sons and sticks digital Nick and Alec inside them. They grow up, again, with Edward and Mendoza as their parents. Remembering the whole time that "Mommy" is really their girlfriend.
In Dangerous SpiritsKonstantine's conflict with his son had a significant impact on him and greatly colors his interactions with Alexei. The Dollanganger Series of books by V. Andrews includes some heavy implications that oldest son Chris is attracted to his mother, enough to remain completely in denial to how her feelings towards her children have changed from love to apathy.
In the last book of the series, Cathy's younger son Bart alternates between idolizing her and hating her he's disgusted by her incestuous relationship with her brother, but continuously falls in love with women who are very similar to her.
Wright 's The Golden Agethe amnesiac Phaethon learns that he is suing to have his father Helion declared dead. Later he offers Helion the information he needs to restore a lost hour to his memory and so be the same person—at a price. Only in The Golden Transcedence does Daphne reveal to Helion that in that hour, he had promised Phaethon the price that Phaethon had set for the memory. Barty Crouch was also killed by his son, although you'd never figure it by watching the Goblet of Fire movie.
Even more interesting is that Severus Snape also hated his father enough for fans to speculate that's where his muggle prejudice stemmed from while attaching himself the name "Prince", taken from his mother, and being fond of Lily Evans because he saw her as having maternal attributes.
Interestingly, in the case of Voldemort, we see that it starts out as an inversion. He excitedly figures that he inherited his magical powers from his father, because in his mind, his mother was too weak to have them because she died and feels compelled to find out about him not caring one bit about the love that he never gave him and for abandoning him as he only seeks to prove his own superiority through him.
He kills him as it becomes too much for him to deal with that he was a mere filthy Muggle. The Warhammer 40, spin-off Horus Heresy novels tend to present the eponymous rebellion of Warmaster Horus against the Emperor in very oedipal terms. The Primarchs, and Horus in particular, constantly refer to the Emperor as their father and since he created them all with genetic manipulation and arcane science, he is the closest thing to a biological father any of them have.
Horus becomes disillusioned with the Emperor's plans for humanity and the galaxy in the aftermath of his near-death experience on Davin, and ever after determines to overthrow his father and rule humanity in his stead. His brother Primarchs are split down the middle, some staying loyal to their father, others having nursed similar hatreds and disillusionments and siding with Horus against him.
The maternal aspects of the trope do not apply, however, as the Primarchs were vat-grown from synthetic genetic material and thus do not have a mother. This is taken Up to Eleven in The Once and Future Kingwhen Mordred decides to get as close as he can to re-enacting the complex by pretending that Arthur was dead so that he could marry Guenevere the first thing noted when word of this gets out, is how the queen is old enough to be Mordred's mother. Haruki Murakami 's Kafka on the Shore has this plus 1.
Kafka's father prophesied that he would murder him, sleep with his mom and sleep with his sister. The HeroPatrick Kenzie, hates his abusive father more than anybody else on Earth. Also, the first book features gang leader Roland Angeline and his father Marion Socia, who end up waging a brutal gang war against each other. And the third book subverts it by featuring Corrupt Corporate Executive Trevor Stone waging a war for control against his psychopathic daughter Desiree. The god Alalu is overthrown by his son Anu, he's then overthrown by his son Kumarbi, and he in turn gets overthrown by his son Teshub.
Teshub is a thunder god like Zeus, and Kumarbi bites off sky-god Anu's genitals, just as Cronos later castrated the sky-god Ouranos. Like Cronos, Kumarbi produces some of his children from his own body, though in this case it's male pregnancy resulting from said castration. Convinced as you must be from what I have already told you concerning Augustus and Sophia, that there never were a happier Couple, I need not, I imagine, inform you that their union had been contrary to the inclinations of their Cruel and Mercenary Parents; who had vainly endeavoured with obstinate Perseverance to force them into a Marriage with those whom they had ever abhorred; but with an Heroic Fortitude worthy to be related and admired, they had both constantly refused to submit to such despotic Power.
After having so nobly disentangled themselves from the shackles of Parental Authority, by a Clandestine Marriage, they were determined never to forfeit the good opinion they had gained in the World, in so doing, by accepting any proposals of reconciliation that might be offered them by their Fathers—to this farther tryal of their noble independance, however, they never were exposed.
The main character's son in Boris Johnson 's Seventy Two Virgins is referred to as having an Oedipus complex; the book opens with a number of examples of his sinister behaviour towards the protagonist. A Song of Ice and Fire: Cersei is plenty incestous, but this is a supplanting-only example. Cersei doesn't hate or want to kill her father—she greatly admires him and wants to supplant him anyways.
She wants to be so much greater than him—so overshadow him—that when people look back at it their time in history, he will only be remembered as her father. She wants to be the power of house Lannister. Also an element is the colder relationship with her mother.