SEOUL (AFP) - South Korea summoned Tokyo's ambassador on Friday repeated claims on Liancourt Rocks, known as Dokdo in South Korea. by nuclear-armed North Korea, but their relationship is heavily strained by. A tentative rapprochement between South Korea and Japan has soured. In-depth Japan and South Korea: Doomed to Mutual Distrust? two matters that cloud the relationship between Japan and South Korea. .. to the Koreans, also called the Liancourt Rocks in English) in the Sea of Japan.
Japanese official development assistance, private investment, and important technology transfers to South Korea simultaneously benefited both countries.
Left wing organizations opposed normalization because it would bind the ROK and Japan to a triangular relationship centered on the United States. Article 9 of Japan's constitution is interpreted to bar Japan from entering into security relations with countries other than the United States. Consequently, Japan had no substantive defense relationship with South Korea, and military contacts were infrequent.
The Japanese government supported noncommunist South Korea in other ways. It also acted as an intermediary between South Korea and China.FMs of Seoul and Tokyo discuss S. Korean ruling on Japan’s use of forced labor
It pressed the Chinese government to open and expand relations with South Korea in the s. Japan's policies toward the two Koreas reflects the importance this area had for Asian stability, which is seen as essential to Japanese peace and prosperity. Japan is one of four major powers along with the United States, Russia, and China that have important security interests on the Korean Peninsula.
However, Japan's involvement in political and security issues on the Korean Peninsula is more limited than that of the other three powers. Japan's relations with North Korea and South Korea has a legacy of bitterness stemming from harsh Japanese colonial rule over Korea from to Polls during the postwar period in Japan and South Korea showed that the people of each nation had a profound dislike of the other country and people. Japanese and South Korean firms often had interdependent relations, which gave Japan advantages in South Korea's growing market.
Many South Korean products were based on Japanese design and technology.
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A surge in imports of South Korean products into Japan in was partly the result of production by Japanese investors in South Korea. The term 'comfort women' is a euphemism for such women, who are also referred to as 'sex slaves' -- a term which some Japanese researchers say does not reflect reality.
Many were brutalized and imprisoned.
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Some were killed or died of disease and hunger. Survivors speak of damaged lives. Many were so emotionally scarred they never married and others were so physically battered they could never have children. Japan's governments have dismissed South Korea's demand that they provide an official apology and compensation, maintaining that the claims issue was legally settled under a treaty that normalized ties between the 2 countries.
The competing claims are mired in historical ambiguity, and complicated by several name changes and cartographical evidence from myriad Korean, Japanese and western sources stretching back centuries.
Only this month South Korea's media reported the discovery of a US military map that, according to the Chosun Ilbo newspaper, "clearly states that Dokdo belongs to Korea". South Korea insists the islands were among the territories Japan was forced to return at the end of the war. By the time the sixth and final draft of the treaty of San Francisco appeared, however, confusion reigned.
Takeshima had been omitted, along with thousands of other tiny islands. The first Japan really knew of the Takeshima, he said, was when imperial forces landed there in on their way to colonising the Korean mainland five years later.
Claimed by both Seoul and Tokyo, tiny island outcroppings stir nationalist fervor - Stripes
The islands are first mentioned in in the diary of the king of the Silla dynasty. Japan recently postponed publication of its annual defence white paper — which promotes its claims to Takeshima — to avoid causing friction with South Korea ahead of the centenary of the start of Japanese colonial rule on 29 August. In another move designed to quell anti-Japanese sentiment, Japan's prime minister, Naoto Kan, last week expressed "deep remorse" for his country's year occupation of Korea, a gesture welcomed by his counterpart, Lee Myung-bak, as "a step forward".
But ordinary South Koreans attach huge symbolic importance to Dokdo. Schools are being encouraged to deepen pupils' emotional connection with the islands, while nationalists have toured the world to push Seoul's claims. Any counterclaim from Japan is guaranteed to provoke an angry backlash.
When, inthe Japanese prefecture of Shimane proclaimed 22 February "Takeshima day", a South Korean mother and son sliced off their fingers in protest outside the Japanese embassy in Seoul. InSouth Korean—Japanese relations improved following the July "settlement" of a two-year-old feud that began when South Korean agents abducted Kim Dae-jungan opposition leader and future President of South Koreafrom a Tokyo hotel.
As a result of the settlement, a long-delayed ministerial conference was held in Seoul in September to discuss economic cooperation between the two countries. Japan joined the United States in providing assurances for South Korea's security.
The next few years would see leaders of both countries meet to warm relations in preparations for the games. According to David Kang and Jiun Bang, South Korea has tried to create a peaceful middle ground with other North Asian countries such as Japan, for business and trade because of it objective to be the "center of Asian business".
Japan-Korea disputes The Sea of Japan naming dispute[ edit ] There is dispute over the international name for this body of water.
Japan points out that the name " Sea of Japan " Japanese: However, South Korean government has protested that the term "East Sea" has been used in Korea for years and Japan encouraged the usage of the name "Sea of Japan" while Korea lost effective control over its foreign policy under Japanese imperial expansion. Further, Japan claims that the primary naming occurred during the period of Sakokuwhen Japan had very little foreign contact, and thus Japan could not have influenced the naming decisions.
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Japan also claims that is isn't important whether the term "East Sea" has used in Korea for more than years because it is only the localized name and how it was named internationally is more important. South Korea claims that Korea was occupied by the Japanese and effectively had no international voice to protest in Also since the East sea was precisely noticed only by Korea and Japan, so how the western conqueror called named it as their own record isn't important. There are valuable fishing grounds around the islets and potentially large reserves of methane clathrate.