DOSTOYEVSKY'S CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
But in most other ways, she is Raskolnikov's foil. The relationship between Dunya and Raskolnikov is always based on mutual love and respect, but it It is only appropriate that she and Razumikhin marry at the end. Raskolnikov's closest and perhaps only friend, Razumikhin becomes an adoptive son to Pulcheria and a husband to Dunya. Dmitri Prokofych Razumikhin Quotes in Crime and Punishment. The Crime .. sister break off the relationship . This is the case with Dmitri Prokofych Razumikhin and Rodion Raskolnikov in Rodion's health begins to affect his relationship with his mother and sister.
Finally, Dostoyevsky was reacting to the political climate in St. Petersburg, where the impulses of the revolution could be found in the nihilist and radical movements, which Dostoyevsky abhorred. Regardless of its origins, Dostoyevsky meant the novel to be as close to perfect as possible.
He took extensive—now famous—notes regarding its structure, toying with different points of view, character, structure, plot, and a variety of thematic strains. The efforts paid off. Crime and Punishment is a superbly plotted, brilliant character study of a man who is at once an everyman and as remarkable as any character ever written. He encourages us to identify with Roskolnikov: The murder itself is almost incidental to the novel; Dostoyevsky devotes no more than a few pages to describing its execution, although he details the painful vacillations that precede the incident and, of course, exposes every aspect of its aftermath.
Thus Dostoyevsky brilliantly invites readers to put forth their own notions of Crime and Punishment, and engages us in an irresistible debate: Who is the real criminal?
Marmeladov, for abandoning his family? Luzhin for exploiting Dunya? Svidrigailov for murdering his wife? Sonya for prostituting herself? The greedy pawnbroker whom Roskolnikov murdered?
Razumikhin in Crime and Punishment: Role & Quotes
Or, to turn the question around: Who among us is not a criminal? Who among us has not attempted to impose his or her will on the natural order? Compelled, ultimately, to confess his crime—and the confession scene is the only incident in which Roskolnikov actually admits to the crime—we feel that Roskolnikov has suffered sufficiently.
Indeed, the epilogue with its abbreviated pace and narrative distance feels like a reprieve for the reader as well as for the criminal. Finally, in Siberia, Roskolnikov has found space. The public reception of Crime and Punishment was enthusiastic—if a little stunned. Is it a political novel?
A tale of morality? As Peter McDuff points out in his Introduction to the Penguin Classics edition, interpretations may be more revealing of the critic than of the text. In Roskolnikov, Dostoyevsky has created a man who is singular yet universal. He is someone with whom we can sympathize, empathize, and pity, even if we cannot relate to his actions. He is a character we will remember forever, and whose story will echo throughout history. The family was poor, but their descent from 17th-century nobility entitled them to own land and serfs.
Fyodor was the second of eight children. Together they attended secondary schools in Moscow, then the military academy in St. Petersburg, followed by service in the Russian army.
Crime and Punishment Reader’s Guide
Dostoyevsky broadened his education by reading extensively in an attempt to sharpen his literary skills. He also began a tortured acquaintance with Turgenev, which was to continue throughout his life.
His first novel, Poor Folk, was published in This tale of a young clerk who falls haplessly in love with a woman he cannot possess led the literary lion Victor Belinsky to proclaim Dostoyevsky as the next Gogol. Petersburg literary society had begun—but his celebrity status was quickly overshadowed by his somewhat obnoxious behavior. Eventually, Dostoyevsky found another group to join, this time a circle of intellectual socialists run by Mikhail Petrashevsky.
Crime and Punishment - Wikipedia
Marmeladov's disintegrating mind is reflected in her language. In the original Russian text, the names of the major characters have something of a double meaningbut in translation the subtlety of the Russian language is predominantly lost due to differences in language structure and culture. The physical image of crime as crossing over a barrier or a boundary is lost in translation, as is the religious implication of transgression.
- Dunya, Luzhin, and Razumikhin
- READERS GUIDE
- Money and Poverty ThemeTracker
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. December Dreams[ edit ] Raskolnikov's dreams have a symbolic meaning, which suggests a psychological view.
The dream of the mare being whipped has been suggested as the fullest single expression of the whole novel,  symbolizing gratification and punishment, contemptible motives and contemptible society, depicting the nihilistic destruction of an unfit mare, the gratification therein, and Rodion's disgust and horror, as an example of his conflicted character.
Raskolnikov's disgust and horror is central to the theme of his conflicted character, his guilty conscience, his contempt for society, his rationality of himself as an extraordinary man above greater society, holding authority to kill, and his concept of justified murder.
His reaction is pivotal, provoking his first taking of life toward the rationalization of himself as above greater society. The dream is later mentioned when Raskolnikov talks to Marmeladov.
Marmeladov's daughter, morally chaste and devout Sonya, must earn a living as a prostitute for their impoverished family, the result of his alcoholism. The dream is also a warning, foreshadowing an impending murder and holds several comparisons to his murder of the pawnbroker. The dream occurs after Rodion crosses a bridge leading out of the oppressive heat and dust of Petersburg and into the fresh greenness of the islands.
This symbolizes a corresponding mental crossing, suggesting that Raskolnikov is returning to a state of clarity when he has the dream. In it, he returns to the innocence of his childhood and watches as a group of peasants beat an old mare to death.
Therefore, in order for Raskolnikov to find redemption, he must ultimately renounce his theory.
The theme of Family in Crime and Punishment from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes
In the final pages, Raskolnikov, who at this point is in the prison infirmary, has a feverish dream about a plague of nihilismthat enters Russia and Europe from the east and which spreads senseless dissent Raskolnikov's name alludes to "raskol", dissent and fanatic dedication to "new ideas": Though we don't learn anything about the content of these ideas they clearly disrupt society forever and are seen as exclusively critical assaults on ordinary thinking: Chernyshevsky's What Is to Be Done?
Janko Lavrinwho took part in the revolutions of the World War I era, knew Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky and many others, and later would spend years writing about Dostoevsky's novels and other Russian classics, called this final dream "prophetic in its symbolism". Cross[ edit ] Sonya gives Rodya a cross when he goes to turn himself in, which symbolizes the burden Raskolnikov must bear.
Sonya and Lizaveta had exchanged crosses, so originally the cross was Lizaveta's—whom Rodya didn't intend to kill, making it an important symbol of redemption.
The environment of Saint Petersburg[ edit ] On an exceptionally hot evening early in July a young man came out of the garret in which he lodged in S. Place and walked slowly, as though in hesitation, towards K. Russian critic Vadim K.Relationship Advice For Couples 💑 Principles For An Amazing Relationship
Kozhinov argues that the reference to the "exceptionally hot evening" establishes not only the suffocating atmosphere of Saint Petersburg in midsummer but also "the infernal ambience of the crime itself". Evnin regards Crime and Punishment as the first great Russian novel "in which the climactic moments of the action are played out in dirty taverns, on the street, in the sordid back rooms of the poor".
Dostoevsky connects the city's problems to Raskolnikov's thoughts and subsequent actions. Donald Fanger asserts that "the real city It is crowded, stifling, and parched.