Who were King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella? | socialgamenews.info
Nov 3, Isabella was declared Queen of Castile after King Henry IV died, and during this period, her husband Ferdinand became King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Her husband did bring to their marriage the Kingdom of Aragon which enabled them to unite Spain. Chamber forums address human resource issues. The Catholic Monarchs is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Isabella's claims to it were not secure, since her marriage to Ferdinand enraged her In September , Portugal and the Catholic Monarchs of Aragon and Castile resolved major issues between them. Columbus explaining discovery of America to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella The marriage in of royal cousins, Ferdinand of Aragon () and.
In addition to participating in court life, the young prince saw battle during the Catalonian wars.
He also provided him with teachers who taught him humanistic attitudes and wrote him treatises on the art of government. Ferdinand had no apparent bent for formal studies, but he was a patron of the arts and a devotee of vocal and instrumental music. Ferdinand had an imposing personality but was never very genial.
From his father he acquired sagacity, integritycourage, and a calculated reserve; from his mother, an impulsive emotionality, which he generally repressed. Under the responsibility of kingship he had to conceal his stronger passions and adopt a cold, impenetrable mask. He married the princess Isabella of Castile in Valladolid in October This was a marriage of political opportunism, not romance. The court of Aragon dreamed of a return to Castile, and Isabella needed help to gain succession to the throne.
The marriage initiated a dark and troubled life, in which Ferdinand fought on the Castilian and Aragonese fronts in order to impose his authority over the noble oligarchiesshifting his basis of support from one kingdom to the other according to the intensity of the danger. Despite the political nature of the union, he loved Isabella sincerely.King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain
She quickly bore him children: The marriage began, however, with almost continual separation. Ferdinand, often away in the Castilian towns or on journeys to Aragon, reproached his wife for the comfort of her life. His extramarital affairs caused Isabella jealousy for several years. Between the ages of 20 and 30, Ferdinand performed a series of heroic deeds. Ferdinand rushed from Zaragoza to Segovia, where Isabella had herself proclaimed queen of Castile on December This initiated a confederation of kingdoms, which was the institutional basis for modern Spain.
In portraits he appears with soft, well-proportioned features, a small, sensual mouth, and pensive eyes. His literary descriptions are more complicated, although they agree in presenting him as good-looking, of medium height, and a good rider, devoted to games and to the hunt. He had a clear, strong voice. Several of these communities, including in particular some in Granada, harbored a significant element of doubtful loyalty.
Spain - THE GOLDEN AGE - Ferdinand and Isabella
Moriscos Granadan Muslims were given the choice of voluntary exile or conversion to Christianity. Many Jews converted to Christianity, and some of these Conversos filled important government and ecclesiastical posts in Castile and in Aragon for more than years.
Many married or purchased their way into the nobility. Muslims in reconquered territory, called Mudejars, also lived quietly for generations as peasant farmers and skilled craftsmen.
After all residents of Spain were officially Christian, but forced conversion and nominal orthodoxy were not sufficient for complete integration into Spanish society. Purity of blood pureza de sangre regulations were imposed on candidates for positions in the government and the church, to prevent Moriscos from becoming a force again in Spain and to eliminate participation by Conversos whose families might have been Christian for generations.
Many of Spain's oldest and finest families scrambled to reconstruct family trees. The Inquisition, a state-controlled Castilian tribunal, authorized by papal bull inthat soon extended throughout Spain, had the task of enforcing uniformity of religious practice. It was originally intended to investigate the sincerity of Conversos, especially those in the clergy, who had been accused of being crypto-Jews.
Tomas de Torquemada, a descendant of Conversos, was the most effective and notorious of the Inquisition's prosecutors. For years religious laws were laxly enforced, particularly in Aragon, and converted Jews and Moriscos continued to observe their previous religions in private.
Ferdinand and Isabella marry
Inhowever, a serious rebellion broke out among the Moriscos of Andalusia, who sealed their fate by appealing to the Ottoman Empire for aid. The incident led to mass expulsions throughout Spain and to the eventual exodus of hundreds of thousands of Conversos and Moriscos, even those who had apparently become devout Christians. In the exploration and exploitation of the New World, Spain found an outlet for the crusading energies that the war against the Muslims had stimulated.
In the fifteenth century, Portuguese mariners were opening a route around Africa to the East. At the same time as the Castilians, they had planted colonies in the Azores and in the Canary Islands also Canaries; Spanish, Canariasthe latter of which had been assigned to Spain by papal decree. The conquest of Granada allowed the Catholic Kings to divert their attention to exploration, although Christopher Columbus's first voyage in was financed by foreign bankers.