Abraham's Journey to the Promised Land Map
Red Line in Map - Abraham's journey from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran and then his entire family, which includes his grandson Lot, to Haran (Genesis ). tells Sarah (who is now more than 60 years old) to lie about her relationship. Map of the Abraham's Journey from Ur to Haran to Egypt Abraham and his nephew Lot returned to their former home at Bethel, but on account . have been a close connection in early times, the record of which has not yet been recovered. Lot was a patriarch in the biblical Book of Genesis chapters 11–14 and Notable events in his life include his journey with his uncle Abram (Abraham) and his flight from the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, during which Lot's wife became a pillar of salt, and Lot had sexual relations Genesis 13 helps and discusses Abram and Lot's return to Canaan after the.
When his end was approaching Joshua gathered the tribes of Israel here and addressed to them his final words of counsel and exhortation chapter Under the oak in the neighboring sanctuary he set up the stone of witness The war of conquest being done, Joseph's bones were buried in the parcel of ground which Jacob had bought, and which fell to the lot of Joseph's descendants Abimelech, whose mother was a native of the city, persuaded the men of Shechem to make him king Jdg 9: After a reign of three years Abimelech was rejected by the people.
He captured the city, razed it to the foundations, and sowed it with salt. It was then the seat of Canaanite idolatry, the temple of Baal-berith being here Jdg 9: In the time of the kings we find that the city was once more a gathering-place of the nation.
It was evidently the center, especially for the northern tribes; and hither Rehoboam came in the hope of getting his succession to the throne confirmed 1 Ki At the disruption Jeroboam fortified the city and made it his residence 2 Ch The capital of the Northern Kingdom was moved, however, first to Tirzah and then to Samaria, and Shechem declined in political importance.
In Mamre, historians claim that Abram lived in quiet and security for some years after his split with Lot. Though Abraham and Lot had parted ways, it is most likely the two kept in close contact. Archaeology has shown that Canaan was a peaceful land in these times.
Excavations at biblical sites such as Shechem, Bethel, Hebron, Ur, and Haran have proven these cities to be as the Bible said during the time of Abraham. All the lands, from Syria through the Sinai, were known to have experienced a period of peace and prosperity. Study Resource Jerald F. The Friend of God, Dr. Dirks constructs a chronological biography of Abraham, from a wide range of Judaeo-Christian and Islamic traditions, including the Bible, the Pseudepigrapha i.
The Friend of God It is the intent of this site to offer resources for you, the reader, that will enhance your understanding of God's Word, and the historical and social contexts of the times. Please support our sponsors if this product interests you. Any feedback you have is greatly appreciated. Just click on the Contact Us tab on the Nav Bar. This chapter describes a scenario that was very common in the ancient world.
The region of Sodom and Gomorrah had apparently been paying tribute as vassal cities to Chedorlaomer, King of Elam. In the thirteenth year, the cities of the plain - Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim, and Zoar - all joined together in rebellion by refusing to pay the tribute.
Chedorlaomer's response was swift and destructive. At this point history, kingdoms were small consisting mainly of city-states, and alliances and confederations formed amongst city-states.
Amraphel, King of Shinar, or Babylonia; Arioch, King of Ellasar, the leading tribe in southern Babylonia; Chedorlaomer, King of Elam, the original kingdom of Persia, and also the leader of the alliance; and Tidal, who is said to have been King of nations, scholars have argued this is more than likely meant to represent a tribe of northeastern Babylonia.
Archaeology has shown that such invasions occurred frequently in Bronze Age Canaan. Though these armies were small in comparison to later armies, they were nonetheless every bit as destructive.
With an alliance of four kings, the size of this army was likely very large. A map of the lands involved in the alliance of the Northeastern Kings - those kings which joined Chederlaomer in his invasion of Sodom and Gomorrah. It seems logical the king had come to the region earlier and imposed such tribute. Chederlaomer and his crew came this time to leave an example rebellion would not be tolerated. According to the biblical narrative, the invading army destroyed all tribes north, east and west of the Salt Sea The Dead Sea.
These peoples, the Rephaim, Zuzim, and Emim, have similar names meaning, "giants", or "the terrible ones", "the mighty ones", "the powerful ones".
They have been associated with the tribes of Anak. The Zumim are thought to be the same as the Zamzummin of Deuteronomy 2: These people are said to have been giants and a great people, very numerous and very tall. The sons of Anak have been identified with the Nephilimfound in Genesis 6: The Nephilim were a mighty people, proud and ferocious. They have also been associated with extreme evil.
The pre-diluvian Nephilim were possibly the offspring of fallen angels and women. The tribes mentioned above, living in Canaan, were most likely the descendants of these Nephilim. Whoever these people were, the strength and brutality of Chederlaomer's invading force clearly overwhelmed the local population.
Chedorlaomer continued his invasion as he marched this troops southward, where they conquered the Horites in Mount Seir. Archaeology has shown that these were the Hurrians, one of antiquities leading tribes of the Middle East. After smiting these people, the Northeastern Confederacy continued its destructive path by turning northward at El-Paran.
From El-Paran, Chedorlaomer swept through the land heading northward, toward the cities of the plain conquering the land which would belong eventually to the Amalekites, descendants of Esau. The force also conquered a group of Amorites living in the region, and after taking Kadesh-barnea, moved into Tamar, where the alliance made camp.
Abraham and Lot would soon encounter this terrifying army. A map of the movements of King Chederlaomer's alliance as they marched down the King's Highway east of the Jordan, on their way to lay siege to Sodom and Gomorrah. From here the invasion force would meet head to head with the five rebellious cities of the plain. All the previous destruction had been on account of the rebellion of the King of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboim, and Zoar.
It was four kings against five. Scripture relates that the battle was to take place in "the vale of Siddim". This phrase is interesting because it hints at the regions prosperity. Not only was the region rich in agriculture, but also in metals and bitumen, or "slime pits". Bitumen becomes petroleum, which becomes oil. Perhaps this is one of the reasons which made the area attractive in the first place to the invading Kings from the North. Black Gold was found in abundance in the region.
This alone was enough to draw the attention of rivals. The result of the rebellion was disastrous for the cities of the plain.
They were overwhelmed by the King of Chedorlaomer and his alliance. Scripture tells how the Kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled and fell into the plain's slime pits. Those that did not fall into the pits, fled to the mountains. This included Lot, all that he had and all those that lived with him.
Abram's Journey to Canaan
Some local residents, however, managed to escape into the surrounding forest and wilderness. Some fled to nearby cities, warning of the invasion. Some fled to caves in the Dead Sea area, where for centuries people have fled to and sought refuge in.
These people eventually settled in new locations throughout Canaan. One such survivor, according to scripture, found his way to Abram in Mamre. This, of course, raises many interesting questions as to the exact ethnicity of the Hebrew, or Israelite, people. The word's origin is unknown, and many scholars have associated it with the name Ebera distant descendant of Abram and the great-grandson of Shem.
Others suggest it is associated with the Habiru. The Habiru are an extremely interesting group of people who seem to have had no national identity, no central government of any kind, yet represent a heterogeneous social element that was to be dealt with by local authorities, and even empires such as Egypt and Sumeria.
Abraham and Lot, and their families, were labeled by the existing authorities of the day as part of the Habiru class of people.
Thus, Abram was identified as "Abraham, the Habiru", living in Canaan. He and his nephew Lot had been through much together. Now, however, things had escalated as a marauding army had taken Abraham's nephew captive. Abraham was forced to rescue his nephew from imminent death or slavery. Tablets found at sites such as Ebla and from the ancient Hurrians at Mari contain biblical names such as Abram, Leah, Isaac, Jacob, etc.
The tablets shed light on the Habiru and the daily life of individuals within this era of the Bible. These documents contain administrative and legal manuscripts that speak of similar events found throughout the biblical narrative. Whatever one's belief about the word, it was clearly used to distinguish Abraham and Lot from the other inhabitants of Canaan. As Abraham and Lot had prospered over the years financially, Abram had formed bonds with local leaders as seen in his pact with Mamre and his two brothers.
Abraham and Lot's conflict - Wikipedia
Scripture later indicates that men from Mamre, Aner, and Eshcol accompanied Abram in his rescue mission from Lot. Abraham and Lot were family. Despite their earlier differences, Lot was like a son to Abraham. Thus, Abraham immediately musters every fighting man in his household. Scripture tells he mustered fighting men, all of them trained in his own household. Notice the detailed number of men.