Key moments and facts | Romeo and Juliet | Royal Shakespeare Company
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two . The feuding families and the Prince meet at the tomb to find all three dead. . In the later balcony scene, Shakespeare has Romeo overhear Juliet's of unlucky chances—many to such a degree that they do not see it as a tragedy. Romeo and Juliet meet at the party and fall in love. The famous balcony scene: Romeo and Juliet decide that they will get married the next Shakespeare doesn't actually show the wedding ceremony on stage, but many productions do. The servingman does not know. The meeting of Romeo and Juliet dominates the scene, and, with extraordinary language that captures both the excitement.
Count Paris is a kinsman of Escalus who wishes to marry Juliet. Mercutio is another kinsman of Escalus, a friend of Romeo. House of Capulet Capulet is the patriarch of the house of Capulet. Lady Capulet is the matriarch of the house of Capulet. Juliet Capulet is the year-old daughter of Capulet, the play's female protagonist. Tybalt is a cousin of Juliet, the nephew of Lady Capulet.
The Nurse is Juliet's personal attendant and confidante. Rosaline is Lord Capulet's niece, Romeo's love in the beginning of the story. Peter, Sampson, and Gregory are servants of the Capulet household. House of Montague Montague is the patriarch of the house of Montague. Lady Montague is the matriarch of the house of Montague. Romeo Montaguethe son of Montague, is the play's male protagonist.
Benvolio is Romeo's cousin and best friend. Abram and Balthasar are servants of the Montague household. Others Friar Laurence is a Franciscan friar and Romeo's confidant. Friar John is sent to deliver Friar Laurence's letter to Romeo. An Apothecary who reluctantly sells Romeo poison. A Chorus reads a prologue to each of the first two acts. Oil on canvas, The play, set in VeronaItalybegins with a street brawl between Montague and Capulet servants who, like their masters, are sworn enemies.
Prince Escalus of Verona intervenes and declares that further breach of the peace will be punishable by death. Later, Count Paris talks to Capulet about marrying his daughter Julietbut Capulet asks Paris to wait another two years and invites him to attend a planned Capulet ball. Lady Capulet and Juliet's nurse try to persuade Juliet to accept Paris's courtship. Meanwhile, Benvolio talks with his cousin RomeoMontague's son, about Romeo's recent depression.
Benvolio discovers that it stems from unrequited infatuation for a girl named Rosalineone of Capulet's nieces. Persuaded by Benvolio and MercutioRomeo attends the ball at the Capulet house in hopes of meeting Rosaline. However, Romeo instead meets and falls in love with Juliet. Juliet's cousin, Tybaltis enraged at Romeo for sneaking into the ball but is only stopped from killing Romeo by Juliet's father, who does not wish to shed blood in his house.
After the ball, in what is now called the "balcony scene", Romeo sneaks into the Capulet orchard and overhears Juliet at her window vowing her love to him in spite of her family's hatred of the Montagues. Romeo makes himself known to her and they agree to be married.
With the help of Friar Laurencewho hopes to reconcile the two families through their children's union, they are secretly married the next day. Tybalt, meanwhile, still incensed that Romeo had snuck into the Capulet ball, challenges him to a duel. Romeo, now considering Tybalt his kinsman, refuses to fight. Mercutio is offended by Tybalt's insolence, as well as Romeo's "vile submission",  and accepts the duel on Romeo's behalf. Mercutio is fatally wounded when Romeo attempts to break up the fight.
Grief-stricken and wracked with guilt, Romeo confronts and slays Tybalt. Benvolio argues that Romeo has justly executed Tybalt for the murder of Mercutio. The Prince, now having lost a kinsman in the warring families' feud, exiles Romeo from Verona, under penalty of death if he ever returns.
Romeo secretly spends the night in Juliet's chamber, where they consummate their marriage. Capulet, misinterpreting Juliet's grief, agrees to marry her to Count Paris and threatens to disown her when she refuses to become Paris's "joyful bride".
Juliet visits Friar Laurence for help, and he offers her a potion that will put her into a deathlike coma for "two and forty hours". On the night before the wedding, she takes the drug and, when discovered apparently dead, she is laid in the family crypt.
The messenger, however, does not reach Romeo and, instead, Romeo learns of Juliet's apparent death from his servant, Balthasar. Heartbroken, Romeo buys poison from an apothecary and goes to the Capulet crypt. He encounters Paris who has come to mourn Juliet privately.
Believing Romeo to be a vandal, Paris confronts him and, in the ensuing battle, Romeo kills Paris. Still believing Juliet to be dead, he drinks the poison.
Romeo and Juliet
Juliet then awakens and, discovering that Romeo is dead, stabs herself with his dagger and joins him in death. The feuding families and the Prince meet at the tomb to find all three dead. Friar Laurence recounts the story of the two "star-cross'd lovers". The families are reconciled by their children's deaths and agree to end their violent feud. The play ends with the Prince's elegy for the lovers: Romeo and Juliet borrows from a tradition of tragic love stories dating back to antiquity.
One of these is Pyramus and Thisbefrom Ovid 's Metamorphoseswhich contains parallels to Shakespeare's story: History records the name of the family Montague as being lent to such a political party in Veronabut that of the Capulets as from a Cremonese family, both of whom play out their conflict in Lombardy as a whole rather than within the confines of Verona.
The earliest known version of the Romeo and Juliet tale akin to Shakespeare's play is the story of Mariotto and Gianozza by Masuccio Salernitanoin the 33rd novel of his Il Novellino published in His version of the story includes the secret marriage, the colluding friar, the fray where a prominent citizen is killed, Mariotto's exile, Gianozza's forced marriage, the potion plot, and the crucial message that goes astray. In this version, Mariotto is caught and beheaded and Gianozza dies of grief.
The next morning, the Savorgnans led an attack on the cityand many members of the Strumieri were murdered. When years later, half-paralyzed from a battle-wound, he wrote Giulietta e Romeo in Montorso Vicentino from where he could see the "castles" of Veronahe dedicated the novella to bellisima e leggiadra madonna Lucina Savorgnan.
Tybalt sees Romeo coming and draws his sword ready for a fight. Mercutio steps in and he and Tybalt fight instead. Benvolio leaves with the injured Mercutio. Romeo is angry at himself for not fighting his own battle with Tybalt. Benvolio comes back and tells Romeo that Mercutio is dead. Tybalt returns and Romeo seeks revenge for Mercutio and stabs him. The Prince enters with the Capulets and the Montagues.
Key moments and facts
Benvolio explains that Tybalt stabbed Mercutio and so Romeo stabbed Tybalt. Lady Capulet tells the Prince that Romeo must be put to death for killing Tybalt.
The Prince decides that Romeo should instead be banished for his actions. The Nurse tells her that Romeo killed Tybalt and is now banished. Romeo believes banishment is worse than a death sentence because he will be living in a world without Juliet. Romeo is distraught and is worried what Juliet now thinks of him. Friar Lawrence tells Romeo to go to Juliet but to leave for Mantua before the next morning.
In time, once the news of their marriage has spread, the Friar believes Romeo may be able to return. Setting a Date Capulet assures Paris that Juliet will do as he wishes and marry him. He asks his wife to go to Juliet and tell her the news. They are sad to soon be leaving one another and wonder when they will meet again. The Nurse tells Juliet that her mother is calling for her so Romeo and Juliet say their farewells.
Lady Capulet tells Juliet she has good news about her intended marriage to Paris but Juliet refuses to accept him. Capulet is enraged that Juliet is disobeying him and threatens to disown her if she will not marry. Juliet begs her mother to delay the marriage but Lady Capulet wishes to have no involvement. Juliet seeks advice from her Nurse, but she agrees that Juliet should marry Paris because Romeo is as good as dead. Angry and upset, Juliet goes to seek guidance from Friar Lawrence.
- Navigation menu
- Facts about Romeo and Juliet
- Key Moments from Romeo and Juliet
Juliet enters and lies that she has come for confession. Paris leaves them and Juliet weeps to the Friar and threatens to take her own life.Carlei - Party Scene - Act 1 scene 5 Romeo & Juliet
Friar Lawrence proposes a solution to Juliet. He offers her a drug which will put her into a deep sleep and so make her appear dead. On the morning of the wedding they will believe her dead and she will be buried in the family tomb. A hall, a hall!
Clear the room for the dance; as we say, "A ring, a ring! Used in Shakespeare for any relationship not of the first degree. Were in a mask, took part in a masquerade: By 'r lady, by our lady, i.
Pentecost, Whitsuntide, originally a Jewish festival, Gk. What lady, the use of what is less definite than if the question had been 'who is that lady? Ethiope's, generically for any dark-skinned race; in A. When he is here, even at thy solemn feast"; especially a nuptial celebration, as in M.
Here it is really superfluous, the construction being 'I hold the striking of him dead not a sin, no sin. Though we still use the preposition at after 'scorn' as a substantive, we omit it after the verb. Young Romeo is it? Content thee, do not vex yourself, keep your temper; as frequently in Shakespeare in the imperative mood with the reflexive pronoun.
Romeo and Juliet - Wikipedia
In almost all cases there are two or more possible antecedents from which selection must be made" Abb. Show a fair presence, look pleasant and courteous.
An ill-beseeming semblance, in apposition with frowns; which give a look to the feast that ill becomes it. You'll not endure him!