Gila River - Wikipedia
The Black River is a mile-long ( km) river in the White Mountains of the U.S. state of Arizona. It forms southwest of Alpine and flows southwest then northwest to meet the White River west of Fort Apache. The merged streams form the Salt River, a major tributary of the Gila River. Confluence with White River, Gila County. Salt Creek (White River tributary) Salt Creek above Lake Monroe Satellite view of Lake and meets the White River just downstream from Bedford in Lawrence County. White River and the Black River in the White Mountains of eastern Gila County. The White and Black rivers, and other tributaries of the upper Salt River, . entering the Gila Indian Reservoir in Final County, The chief tributaries of the Gila are the The Gila also receives numerous intermittent streams and creeks. of the Gila formed by the union of the Black and White Rivers in the Mogollon and To meet downstream demands during dry periods, a system of reservoirs has.
The confluence of the Gila with the Colorado River was also used as a reference point for the southern border of California. Beginning inmainly Mormon settlers populated the Gila River valley around present-day Phoenix, using the Gila, Salt and San Pedro Rivers for irrigation and establishing at least six major settlements. All of the men were eventually captured, though some remained at large for more than a month.
Among the last to be captured were three German soldiers who had based their audacious but ill-fated escape plans on a stolen highway map of Arizona, which showed the Gila River leading to the Colorado Riverwhich in turn led to Mexico.
Devising a scheme to flee by water, the Germans constructed a collapsible kayak under the noses of their American captors, tested it in a makeshift pool within the prison compound, then sneaked it out through the tunnel.
Their plan was perfect- except for the map. The Gila, shown as a healthy blue waterway, turned out to be little more than a dry rut. A number of minor diversion dams have been built on the river between the Painted Rock Dam and the Coolidge Dam, including the Gillespie Dam which was breached during a flood in Many major dams in the Gila River system were built and operated by the U. Bureau of Reclamation which also constructed most of the large dams throughout the Colorado River basin.
Others, such as Coolidge Dam, are owned by local water supply agencies, irrigation districts or Native American tribes. The Gila River and its main tributary, the Salt River, would both be perennial streams carrying large volumes of water, but irrigation and municipal water diversions turn both into usually dry rivers.
Below Phoenix to the Colorado River, the Gila is usually either a trickle or completely dry, as is also the lower Salt from Granite Reef Diversion Dam downstream to the Gila, but both rivers can carry large volumes of water following rainfall.
A long time ago, the Gila River was navigable by large riverboats from its mouth to near Phoenix, and by smaller craft from Phoenix nearly to the Arizona — New Mexico border. Trail runs downhill until it meets Pinal Creek. This stream runs most of the year except during dry periods. The trail ends at the junction of the Toll Road Trail and then you can continue north or south on the Toll Road Trail This trail is entirely in the ponderosa pine and fir forest and steadily climbs upward and south before it levels off and offers spectacular views south of the Pinals and East to El Capitan and the San Carlos Reservation.
It then follows the ridge along the west face of East Mountain. You can continue on Squaw Spring Trail from here. The trail begins as the Toll Road Head north down the old road and you will soon hit the East Mountain trailhead. The southern end of the trail is accessed 3.
There are beautiful views of the south into the Dripping Springs Valley and the Dripping Springs Mountains from the trailhead. This trail is one of my favorites although it is steep. It starts in the scrub oak and large manzanita corridors and travels thru beautiful Gambles oak forest and then tops out thru ponderosa pine and fir trees before it ends on Forest Rd at the radio towers on Pinal Peak. Ferns cover the forest floor.
If you walk on the road west for about yards at the top, there is a dirt tank that holds water in wet years where you can sometimes see elk and turkey tracks and beautiful views looking south from the top of the Pinals. It contains the Sierra Ancha Wilderness and Salome Wilderness areas which were established in and respectively.
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The area is unique among mountain ranges for its precipitous box canyons, high cliffs, pine-covered mountains and abundance of archeological ruins. Both hiking and horse trails criss cross through the area and there is dispersed camping throughout including Rose Creek and Reynolds Creek group site see below. Popular creeks in the area include Workman and Reynolds Creek which are stocked with rainbow trout in the summer months. An Arizona fishing license is required for anyone over the age of Elevations range from 4, feet near Cherry Creek to more than 7, feet on several high peaks, with the highest point on Aztec Peak at 7, feet.
Arizona chaparral covers lower elevations with scrub oak, manzanita, and mountain mahogany. Some pinion pine and juniper cloak the east side of the Sierra Ancha dropping to desertscrub and semidesert grassland below. Open all year round. No reservations, first come first serve.
Pack it in, pack it out.
Horse use discouraged due to trail hazards and damage to riparian areas. This primitive group camping area is nestled between towering ponderosa pine at an elevation of 5, feet and provides a great base camp for a wide range of recreational activities including, hiking, fishing, hunting, and nature photography.
The group site is located adjacent to Reynolds Creek which runs year round. Opportunities for wading, fishing, and hiking abound. Berry picking is a popular activity in the fall. A thick stand of ponderosa pine covers the group area, offering pleasant shade.
A large meadow provides the perfect place for group activities. Site is open May October 15 and includes two large ramadas, eight picnic tables, group grill, large metal campfire rings, two vault toilets, and one corral. No water or trash service. Reservations are required and can be reserved online at www. The trail is brushy and long pants are recommended. It connects with Boyer Cabin Trail at 3. The Reynolds trailhead is on a small spur road on the west side of Hwy The trail then ascends onto a plateau and meets with the Boyer Cabin Trail Vegetation is sparser on this plateau with manzanita and scrub oak, offering fantastic views.
Three primitive campsites with fire rings are found at the end of the trail on Workman Creek. Parking is available at the trailhead for vehicles. FR is currently closed to vehicles. This is a well maintained trail that offers scenic views of Carr Mountain, Grantham Peak and canyon walls above you that are covered in giant rock towers and cliffs. To the north you will see the burned area of the Juniper fire as well as the Coon Creek fire in Coon Creek Canyon.
From Young, the trailhead is The trail begins under a canopy of Arizona white oaks and climbs up the South Fork of Parker Creek, under the imposing Carr Mountain, which rises feet above you. You will immediately pass the remains of the old Sierra Ancha Experimental Forest station.
As the trail climbs, oak trees give way to Ponderosa pine and huge Douglas fir trees. There are also some nice box elder, maple trees and large Mexican locust trees as you climb higher.
You will arrive at Mud Spring and the junction of the Rim Trail at 3. This is a difficult hike, due to the elevation gain and the trail finding, to the top of McFadden Peak. The reward at the end of the hike is well worth it. At the end of the trail, one reaches an overlook of a prehistoric ruin known as Elephant Rock and a view of the vast expanse of Cherry Creek.
Roadside parking is available. The trail can also be accessed via the Cienega Trailwhich joins up from FR although this adds an additional 4. From Hwyfollow the trail past a trail sign and up an old jeep trail thru ponderosa pine forest.
This part of the trail is brushy and hard to find in spots. At one mile, you will reach the junction of the Cienega trail Follow the McFadden Horse Trail up the steep switchbacks. At the top of the ridge, the trail disappears and you will need to follow the cairns.
Black Creek (Arizona)
Fortunately, the cairns are numerous and well placed. The trail will continue on top of the bench and across a rocky top of agaves and junipers and ends at Elephant Butte Fortress.
Hwy is partly paved but well maintained. A high clearance vehicle is not necessary. A Tonto Pass is not required to recreate in the Sierra Ancha. Stay limit is 14 days. These wilderness areas offer a bounty of hiking trails, ranging from in difficulty from easy to most difficult.
The Four Peaks Wilderness, established incontains approximately 60, acres, with Four Peaks Mountain rising up in its center from the desert foothills. The summit of Four Peaks is visible for many miles and is one of the most widely recognized landmarks in central Arizona.
The dramatic change in elevation in the Four Peaks Wilderness produces interesting and unique plant and animal communities. The Salome Wilderness was also established in The upper reaches of Salome Creek and Workman Creek are small perennial streams snaking their way through the bottom of this scenic canyon.
Elevations range from 2, feet at the lower end of Salome Creek to 6, feet on Hopkins Mountain. Spring and fall are ideal times to visit this area.
White River (Green River tributary) - Wikipedia
Note that trails are rare, and access to the wilderness is limited. Mechanized and motorized travel are prohibited in wilderness areas.
Group size is limited to 15 people with no more than 15 head of livestock. This loop is a beautiful hike with stunning views of the Four Peaks and Roosevelt Lake. Most of this hike wanders through the area of the Lone Fire, which was the largest-known fire in Arizona history when it tore through the Mazatzal Mountains, Four Peaks Wilderness Area, and other portions of the Tonto National Forest in Most of the ponderosa pine was killed by the fire, but the area is recovering nicely. Large oaks, pinyon pine, and juniper dominate the landscape, with beautiful wildflowers in the spring.
Long pants are recommended. High-clearance vehicles are recommended. Turn south onto FR and continue one mile to the trailhead. Parking is not available at Pigeon Spring Trailhead, and roadside parking is limited.
Black River (Arizona)
The trail gently climbs through white and Emory oak and manzanita until it reaches a steep drainage near the end of the trail. This section is dangerous and requires scrambling and climbing up steep rock walls.
A rope is recommended for safety. Ample parking is available at Lone Pine Trailhead. From the trailhead, you will walk through saguaro, barrel, and cholla cacti of the Sonoran desert and into Cottonwood Canyon until you reach FR at 1. Hike up the hill until you reach the Arizona Trail. This trail is not recommended in the summer due to high temperatures. Once at Salome Creek, you can explore the creek and enjoy the gorgeous canyon walls and deep pools. Salome Creek is a popular canyoneering route that begins a mile upstream from the trail and ends downstream where the trail meets the canyon.
Due to a foot dropoff, hiking through the canyon requires rappelling gear and canyoneering experience. This trail is subject to extreme desert temperatures.
During the summer, hiking is recommended only in the early morning hours. From Tonto Basin, drive 4.
Salt Creek (White River tributary) | Revolvy
Four-wheel drive is not necessary, but a high clearance vehicle is recommended. It is about 30 minutes faster to drive to the west end of A-Cross Road, east of Tonto Basin, and then drive west to the trailhead. Ample parking is available at the trailhead. Spring, Fall, or Winter Climbing Ratings: The area remained little-known in the climbing world until three years ago, when a bank foreclosed on a portion of the private property.
At that point, Access Fund, a nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving climbing areas, purchased the property to preserve it for climbing.
It has become increasingly popular ever since. There is NO water. There are NO toilets, and NO cell service. Getting to the Homestead requires a high-clearance, four-wheel drive vehicle.
You can get here from AZ Once you pass the gate, it takes roughly half an hour to get to the parking area. Follow the trail headed southeast, which will take you through a creek bed to the Welcome Wall. Continue up the creek bed to reach other walls. To learn more, visit: The event drew hundreds of top athletes from around the world.
In addition to 2, developed boulder problems, the area boasts almost 1, developed climbing routes. Despite its rather unglamorous title, the Road Area is home to all kinds of gems, like Atlantis, where you can take shelter from the wicked summer heat, and the Pond, which is a popular spot among climbers.
Like silent giants, volcanic rock pillars surge upward from the earth, lining the sides of this massive canyon. Standing apart from the rest is the Totem Pole, a single rock tower looming above the canyon.
It is an iconic climb for anyone who pays a visit to this place. There is NO potable water. There are NO toilets, and there is NO cell service. It is situated just southeast of Superior, several miles south of Oak Flat.
Unless you want to hike in, a four-wheel drive, high-clearance vehicle is mandatory. Follow the dirt road straight do not turn left for roughly 1. The road gets gnarly. If you hike in, it takes roughly 45 minutes; there is no shade along the way. Follow the road down to the windmill. From the windmill, veer to the left, following Hackberry Creek. Follow the cairns and well-traveled paths to access climbing routes.
For details on the Queen Creek Area, go online to theqcc. In the early s, Resolution Copper Company, a subsidiary of the mining corporation Rio Tinto, began laying the groundwork to mine a large copper deposit beneath the Queen Creek area. It is unclear to what extent and for how many more years these areas will be accessible for climbing.
For more information on any of these climbing areas or on climbing in Southern Gila County, go online to themountainproject. There is a decent shoulder to ride on, and there is generally little traffic. The 60 Towards Show Low Level: There is no shoulder to start, but you gain one within a mile.
Beyond five miles, civilization ends as you continue to climb into the sprawling hills covered in juniper. As the elevations become increasingly dramatic, so does the scenery. You could continue to ride after this, but the shoulder disappears almost immediately beyond the mile point.
Bike tourists will ride all the way to Show Low.